Space Blocks: The future of international cooperation in space is splitting along power lines on Earth

Even in times of conflict on the ground, space has historically been an arena of collaboration between nations. But trends over the past decade suggest that the nature of cooperation in space is changing, and the aftermath of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine highlighted those changes.

I am an international relations scholar who studies the distributions of power in space – who are the main actors, what capabilities they have and with whom they decide to cooperate. Some scholars envision a future in which single states will pursue multiple levels of dominance, while others envision a scenario in which commercial entities unite nations.

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